We are dedicated to levelling the playing field for international researchers in Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics.

We support non-native researchers and PhD students in the sciences with impeccable proofreading, copy-editing, translation, and indexing. Your editorial secret weapon, we pledge publication success.

The world’s finest English academic proofreading, indexing, and translation for STEM subjects

Based in London’s Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea, we are the scientific wing of the author services firm Lex Academic, purveying the finest scientific copy-editing, indexing, and translation in the world. Our attention to detail is entirely unmatched by our generic competitors, and our client care is world-class. Spearheaded by two Oxford-educated academics, we boast 50 years’ editorial experience with over 100 research publications between us.

We appreciate the challenges encountered by STEM academics in the hyper-competitive publishing space, especially those who are not native speakers of English. While our scientific editing and proofreading service may be considered an unfair competitive advantage in gaining entry to top journals and publishers, this effectively levels the playing field for those who might otherwise be held back by writing in their second or third language. Language barriers should not thwart the progress of scientific research and knowledge dissemination.

The credibility of scientific research can be greatly bolstered by the clarity and concision of its linguistic, technical, and formal presentation. Across all of our work at Lex Academic, we foreground these values. This translates into real publication outcomes for our clients, enabling them to push the envelope of knowledge with pace and confidence.

We are proudly staffed by editors with PhDs from the world’s most illustrious institutions. Our Oxford-educated CEO, Louise Chapman, leads the entire editorial process, meaning that all work is scrupulously scrutinised before being reunited with its author.

A Team of Award-Winning Academic Research Editors

Our Editorial Director, Dr David Jennings is a Quantum Information Theorist and University Academic Fellow at the University of Leeds. He obtained his PhD in Theoretical Physics from St John’s College, University of Cambridge  and has over 20 years of research experience and scientific publications in prestigious STEM journals. Dr Jennings has worked at a range of world-class institutes such as the University of Oxford, the University of Sydney, and Imperial College London, and has held a prestigious University Research Fellowship from the Royal Society and a Royal Commission Exhibition of 1851 Fellowship. Many of his PhD students have gone on to highly successful academic and research positions around the world.  

Our CEO, Louise Chapman, is a consummate editorial professional. In her leadership capacity, Louise’s perfectionistic values shine through, ensuring that your manuscript receives both care and rigorous scholarly attention. Educated at King’s College London (BA), the University of Oxford (MSt), and the University of Cambridge (PhD), Louise boasts core subject expertise in Behavioral Economics and Philosophical Psychology. Louise wrote her doctoral dissertation at the University of Cambridge on the hydraulics of motivational psychology, informed by nudge theory and the philosophical thought of Immanuel Kant. Louise’s doctoral research emerged from her Oxford master’s dissertation (awarded Distinction) on Socratic moral psychology. Louise has decades of experience across various forms of academic writing, editing, and indexing. She has copy-edited hundreds of PhDs and academic monographs in the humanities and social sciences, exceeding expectations at every turn. During her academic career, Louise won over $250k in research funding from the world’s finest institutions, including the Boustany Foundation in Monaco. Louise has now helped hundreds of academics transform grant applications into fund-securing proposals, including Horizon 2020 and European Research Council (ERC) bids. Louise’s editorial work extends to indexing academic books and edited volumes for the world’s most renowned publishing houses, including Oxford University Press, Bloomsbury, and Routledge. Louise translates from French into English.

Languages: English; French; German; Latin; Ancient Greek

Our COO and Publication Consultant, Professor Constantine Sandis is Fellow of the Royal Society of Arts, Manufactures and Commerce, Visiting Professor at the University of Hertfordshire, Trustee of the Royal Institute of Philosophy, and a Member of the World Psychiatric Association. Constantine read Philosophy & Theology at St Anne’s College, Oxford but currently works on motivational psychology and the explanation of behaviour. With hundreds of publications to his name, including books with Bloomsbury, Cambridge University Press, Palgrave Macmillan, Routledge, Wiley-Blackwell, and Yale University Press, Professor Sandis knows what it takes to publish with leading journals. Professor Sandis has extensive experience taking authors to contract in his capacity as editor for various series published by Palgrave Macmillan, Anthem Press, and Bloomsbury. He is fluent in English, French, Greek, and Italian and has demonstrable academic proficiency in ancient Greek and Latin. Professor Sandis also leads the firm’s translation wing.

Languages: English; French; Italian; Greek; Latin; Ancient Greek.

Dr Jennifer Swift has over a decade’s worth of experience in publishing, as a copy editor, proofreader, and project manager. Her experience straddles both STEM and Arts and Humanities publishing, and she has worked across academic and trade titles. Jennifer has worked as a Production Editor at Elsevier, where she oversaw the production schedules of three high-impact review journals in the Trends range (Trends in Cell Biology, Trends in Genetics, and Trends in Biotechnology). In this role, she also copy-edited all journal manuscripts for accuracy, consistency, correct scientific nomenclature and House Style, and worked closely with authors on proof corrections and scientific illustrations. Following some time spent in Arts and Humanities publishing and working on her doctoral studies, Jennifer worked as a Project Leader at Prepress Projects Ltd, where she worked on a suite of National Institute for Health Research journals and was responsible for the project management of manuscripts from receipt to publication. She was also responsible for styling, copy-editing, proofreading, and collating corrections, as well as for training junior staff members. Other clients in this role included societies, intergovernmental agencies and EU agencies, many of which had a scientific focus. She also undertook journal management for a number of external journals and is familiar with the ScholarOne workflow management system, which she frequently used to arrange reviewers for submitted articles. Jennifer has also worked as an Editorial Manager at Bitesize Bio, where she worked on editorial projects both internally and for external clients. In this role, she also delivered a number of webinars on science writing and editorial skills to global audiences of scientists and aspiring science writers. She was also responsible for copywriting content for a number of scientific podcast series, including The Microscopists, as well as for undertaking search engine optimisation for internal website content.

Carys Robins is Editorial Project Manager at Lex Academic and joined us in March 2024 from Aktuel Translations, Oxfordshire, where she was Senior Project Manager and Translator. Carys studied Modern Languages at Durham University and Interpreting and Translating at the University of Bath. She has previously also worked as a volunteer Deputy Editor for the UK’s leading student mental health charity, Student Minds, and was a Young Champion of Time to Talk Day, the nation’s biggest mental health conversation. Her interests include machine post-editing and campaign work.

Languages: English; French; Italian.

Dr Paul Craddock is Chief Copywriter at Lex Academic and joined in October 2022, heading up our blog. A cultural historian and award-winning writer based in London, Paul’s debut book, Spare Parts: A Surprising History of Transplants, was a Daily Mail Book of the Week, and won the Special Commendation of the Royal Society of Literature. He is also a Science Museum Group Senior Research Associate (SMGSRA) and Honorary Senior Research Associate of University College London’s Division of Surgery. As a researcher, Paul specialises in embodied knowledge in the history of science and medicine, the history of trust in science and scientific institutions, and artisanal and industrial epistemology. Paul is represented by Jenny Hewson at Lutyens and Rubinstein Literary Agency and published by Penguin.

A double graduate (BA; MBA) of Durham University, Peter Redhead spent much of his illustrious career in finance. An equity research specialist, Peter was personally rated number one in the Institutional Investor Poll, leading the JPMorgan research team in Asia and Europe as Managing Director. Peter later became Head of Global Research at Macquarie. Preceded by a reputation for excellence and creativity, Peter’s commercial research management skills across multiple geographies—including editorial and translation functions—are peerless and unquestioned. Having managed analysts from over 30 countries, Peter knows that success should come from the quality of research undertaken, the originality of ideas, and the utility and impact of conclusions rather any advantage afforded by background, geography, or mother tongue. Compelled by the possibility of levelling the playing field for academics globally, Peter became Lex Academic’s first external investor and partner. As Chairman, Peter is committed to enabling academic publication success through the provision of outstanding editing and translation services, as well as developing a unique community of like-minded editors and colleagues. With two higher degrees from Durham University, Peter is also a seasoned executive coach and angel investor.

Languages: English; Mandarin.

Leon Xiao was listed in Forbes’ 2023 30 Under 30 list for his advocacy work relating to gambling within video games. A first-class Law graduate of Durham University and a Lord Denning Scholar at The Honourable Society of Lincoln’s Inn, Leon is now a PhD Fellow at the University of Copenhagen and a Visitor at University of York Computer Science Department, Stanford Law School, and QMUL School of Law. Xiao works on Empirical Legal & Policy Research, with a particular focus on the regulation of loot boxes, a quasi-gambling monetisation mechanic in video games. His research has been published in peer-reviewed journals across various disciplines, such as Behavioural Public Policy (Cambridge University Press), International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction (Springer Nature), and Gaming Law Review (Mary Ann Liebert). Leon has also appeared before the Law Commission of England and Wales, and submitted policy recommendations to the Spanish and UK Governments. Xiao is a native speaker of Mandarin Chinese and assists Lex Academic’s expansion into East Asia.

Languages: English; Mandarin.

Explore our other author services

Scientific Proofreading

Proofreading is for those clients who need the peace of mind of knowing that their manuscript is absolutely error-free.

Scientific Copy-Editing

Copy-editing is for those clients who are hoping to improve the overall style and concision of their writing, making a guaranteed impression with academic journals.

Substantive Scientific Editing

Substantive editing is our white-glove service for those clients who require heavier editing that renders scholarship into a native-sounding style, with the tone, diction, and clarity of scholarly English.


Lex Academic are a listed supplier of academic translation services in dozens of elite universities, including Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne, Universität Luzern, Universität Ulm, and Università di Torino.

Scientific Indexing Services

We craft dedicated indexes for scientific textbooks and monographs. These can include page references for boxes, figures, and tables.

“Having used their proofreading and copy-editing services on several occasions, I can say that the Lex Academic editorial team are careful, knowledgeable, and professional. I would entrust to them my work and gladly recommend them to my peers and colleagues in the life sciences.”

Mori Arkin, CEO Arkin Holdings (Arkin Bio Venture Partners Ltd., M. Arkin Dermatology Ltd.)